- Chambers in Early Essex Records
- The Chalmers of Gadgirth in Ayrshire
- Chambers in Peebles
- The Rev. Ben Swift Chambers - Founding Father of Merseyside Football
- Chambers in America
- John Chambers of Kentucky and Iowa
- Chambers Glassmakers in Pittsburgh
Chambers in Early Essex Records
The name Chambers, or variations thereof, appeared in early records of East Colne manor rolls in Essex between 1379 and 1457. It was first shown as John atte Chamber or Chambre and later became John de Chambre or John Chamber.
The following was an entry recorded in 1402:
It is presented to the same said John that he should make free the same said tumbrill to return to the bailiff of this manor against the next upon pain of 40d and one knife and one sheath from the stock of this manor came into the hands of William Breton clerk and one vat price 10s from the stock of this manor came into the hands of the said John Atte Chambre."
The Chalmers of Gadgirth in Ayrshire
The Chalmers of Gadgirth were apparently seated in Ayrshire from early times. The early spelling was Camera or de Camera and it started to appear in the 12th century. Robert the Bruce gave Reginald Chalmer a charter for Gadgirth in the 1320’s. Alexander Nisbet in his 1816 book System of Heraldry gave the following account of the family:
antiquity of the house of Galdgirth is further fortified and
established by the
writ under the great seal of Scotland in the year 1609 where the crown
that Chalmer of Galdgirth had before that time possessed the barony of
Galdgirth for upwards of 500 years and had lived in Ayrshire with great
all that while.”
Chalmer of Gadgirth was
an active supporter of John Knox and entertained him at the family seat
Gadgirth in the 1550’s. But perhaps the
most famous Chalmers was the Rev. Dr. Thomas Chalmers, first moderator
Free Church of Scotland in the early 19th century. He
was descended from John Chalmers of
Pitmedden, a branch believed to be connected to the Gadgirth family. Another branch of this family was in Aberdeen.
to be found in the state of Mississippi: Senator Joseph William
General James Ronald Chalmers.
Chambers in Peebles
was born in 1860 and became the head of the Chambers Journal House in
1888. He had the following to say about
family in a letter written in 1900:
“The first record of my own family is
contained in our family Bible, now in my possession.
This book contains the autograph of James
Chambers, 1664, from whom I am the 8th in descent; also many later
autographs. James Chambers claimed descent from Gillaume de la
who signed the Regimen Roll or Bond of Allegiance to Edward I at
1296, as Baillee of Peebles.
belonged to Peebles until Robert and William came to Edinburgh and
firm of W. & R. Chambers publishers in 1820, of which I am now the
head. They founded the Chambers Journal in 1832.
I may mention that the name never was
Chalmers, but always Chambers, a totally different name.”
and William Chambers had been
born into a relatively prosperous, mill-owning family in Peebles. Their father had extended credit to French
prisoners garrisoned at Peebles during the Napoleonic Wars. When
the French did not repay these credits,
the Chambers family was ruined and they departed Peebles in 1813
The Rev. Ben Swift Chambers - Founding Father of Merseyside Football
Most fans of Everton and Liverpool won't have heard
of the Rev. Ben Swift Chambers. But
without him their clubs might never have been formed.
Painstaking research has established that it
was this modest clergyman from West Yorkshire who set the ball rolling
to the creation of these two top football sides on Merseyside.
Chambers was born in 1845 in a weaver's
cottage in Stocksmoor near Huddersfield.
Before he was five, his family had moved to Shepley where both
parents taught in the village school.
There the young man began his lifelong association with the New
branch of the Methodist church.
he was appointed circuit superintendent and minister of St Domingo
the Everton district of Liverpool. He
was to spend nine years at St Domingo's and his work there was to leave
lasting mark on the world of football.
after arriving, he persuaded members of the Young Men's Bible Class to
set up a
cricket club. Later they took up
football as a way of keeping fit during the winter.
Soon they were the best football team in
Stanley Park and they began to attract players from other churches. Within a year the membership of the team was
no longer wholly representative of the St Domingo chapel and it was
rename the football team Everton after the district in which they lived.
Everton were champions of the First Division
in 1891. A turbulent period followed
that season and ended with the creation of Liverpool as a football club.
The Rev. Chambers’ role might have been
forgotten but for a series of oil paintings, entitled The
Founding Fathers of Merseyside Football commissioned by Dr.
David France, where he featured prominently.
Chambers in America
Chambers in America may be of English, Irish or Scottish origin, many Scottish Chalmers becoming Chambers in America. The following is a record of their names and numbers arriving in America.
|Place of Origin
John Chambers of Kentucky and Iowa
In 1827 Chambers was elected to Congress. In 1841 he received the appointment by President Harrison as Governor of the territory of Iowa, which he held for four years. It was while acting as the Governor of Iowa that he was much sought after throughout the northwest as an Indian Commissioner. He returned to Kentucky in 1845 and died there in 1852.
Chambers Glassmakers in Pittsburgh
By the time of the Civil War Western Pennsylvania had become the center of the nation's glass industry. Pittsburgh's glass trade was a seven million dollar business in 1869 with twenty bottle and vial factories, twenty-three window glass factories, twenty-two flint glass factories and a number of glass factories devoted exclusively to the production of chimneys.
And the Chambers glass company, A and DH Chambers Co, was at that time said to be the largest window glass manufacturer in the world.