Cumming and Cummings, originally Comyn, is thought to have derived:
- from the town of Comines near Lille in France where the Comyn
family might have originated
- or from a Breton/Celtic name which had the cam element, meaning "bent" or
"crooked," in it.
The English Cummings spelling predominates today. Cumming rather than Cummings has persisted as the spelling in Scotland; while Cummins is common in Ireland and there are other less common variants.
- Origins of the Name of Cummings. Cummings name history.
- Cumming. The Cumming clan in Scotland.
- Clan Cumming Society. US Cumming clan website.
- Descendants of Isaac Cummings. Isaac Cummings, early Massachusetts settler.
- Cummings DNA Project. Cummings DNA.
Scotland. Richard Comyn the nephew of William Comyn, chancellor to King Henry I of England, was the man who established the Comyn family in Scotland. From their seat of power at Ruthven castle in the central Highlands, these Comyns were for a brief time in the 13th century under John "the Black" Comyn the most powerful family in Scotland.
But then they were defeated by their rival to the Scottish throne, Robert the Bruce. The Comyn chief, the Red Comyn, was killed:
Bruce subsequently stamped out the Comyns of Buchan in Aberdeenshire.
By the 15th century, the Cumming - as their clan came to be known - had become just another Highland clan, although still of some significance in the wild mountainous countryside around Badenoch in SW Invernessshire.
England. The Cummings name was relatively frequent in Norfolk, Lincolnshire, and Yorkshire in the 12th and 13th centuries, perhaps as a result of Breton immigration. The early spelling was again Comyn. Sir John Comyn held Ulceby manor in Lincolnshire from the early 14th century (his widow Lady Maud being recorded as having two brass pots stolen in 1332). There were Comyn merchants in London. Stephen Comyn, the son of a London merchant, was an English naval chaplain who served with Nelson at the Battle of the Nile and the Battle of Copenhagen.
Later there was a northward shift in the Comyns/Cummings population, perhaps as a result of Scottish Cummings crossing the border. A Comyn family was recorded as living in Hilderstone near Lancaster in the 1450's. They were still there by the 1800's, but had become first Cumming and then Cummings. One family history started with Edward Cummings, a Sedbergh farmer in Cumberland who was born in 1758.
Ireland. Cummings or Cummins in Ireland could be an English or Scottish import or an anglicization of an old Irish name. Cummings is mainly to be found mainly in county Antrim and Dublin, Cummins in Cork and Tipperary. One Cummins family were prominent doctors in the city of Cork from the mid 18th through the 19th century. Willie Cummins was part of a Cork family hurling dynasty which lasted from the 1930's to the 1980's.
The Irish form of the name was MacCoimin or O'Coimin - a descendant of Coimin, a personal name derived from the diminutive of cam meaning "crooked." There were MacCoimins in Armagh and O'Coimins in Mayo and later in Cork. Cormac O'Coimin was one of the well-known blind bards and shanachies of the 18th century.
Nicholas Cummins had come to the Virginia colony from London on the Gift in 1622. His descendants were to be found in Northumberland county, Virginia. Some moved to Kentucky in the early 1800's. Others migrated to North Carolina and, from 1829, to Henry county, Indiana. It was here that Clessie Cummins, a rural Indiana farm boy, started his entrepreneurial life. He pioneered diesel engines and founded the Cummins Engine Company.
William Cumming came to Annapolis, Maryland in 1717. He was a planter and a lawyer. His son William, also a lawyer, was a delegate to the Continental Congress for North Carolina in 1785. After the Revolutionary War, the Cummings moved to Augusta, Georgia where Thomas served as the town's first mayor in 1798 and his family were prominent cotton planters. Alfred Cumming was governor of Utah territory in 1858, replacing Brigham Young.
Overall, the Cumming and Cummings arrivals in America were more likely to have come from Ireland. In 1811 William Cumming, a cotton agent from Armagh, came with his wife Mary to Baltimore where his relatives had settled. Their life can be recaptured as Mary Cumming's letters home have been preserved (they were published in 1982). Arthur Cummins from county Carlow arrived in America with his family in 1855, first staying in New Jersey and later moving onto Louisville, Kentucky.
Canada. Robert Cummins of Maryland was one of the first English settlers of Nova Scotia in 1765. But he then returned to Baltimore, building his Monckton Mills estate there. Samuel Cummings and his family were Loyalists from New Hampshire who moved to Annapolis, Nova Scotia in 1782. Much later in the 1820's came Andrew Cummings from county Carlow in Ireland.
David and Beatrice were Lithuanian Jews who had adopted the Cummings
name in the 1890's on their arrival in St. John, New Brunswick - where
the two eldest sons, Nathan and Maxwell, were later born.
"It was pure chance that they were born
Canadian. Their parents had disembarked at St. John, the first
port of call, assuming that it was their destination, New York City."
Nathan pursued a business career in the United States, founding
Consolidated Foods. Maxwell went to Montreal with his
family in 1911 and began there a hugely successful career in real
estate brokerage and
Australia. John and
Ann Cumming left Aberdeen in Scotland for Australia in 1833 and started
Cumming's brewery in Melbourne six years later. Their son John
became a large sheep farmer and his son Thomas founded the Australian
Sheepbreeders Association in 1877. Also coming to Melbourne, in
1840, were Ewen and Elizabeth Cumming and their family from the
Thomas Cummins (later Cummings) and his wife Anne arrived in South
Australia from Ireland in 1853. It was their son James who
started the family into horse racing. He died in 1911 after
falling from his horse. However, the mantle was later taken up by the
father and son pairing of Jim and Bart Cummings. Bart Cummings
has had twelve winners of the Melbourne Cup since he started out in
If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:
Select Cummings Names
John Comyn, known as the Black Comyn, was Guardian of Scotland and one of the competitors for the Scottish throne in the 13th century.
Alexander Cummings was the Scottish watchmaker who patented the flush toilet in 1775.
Clessie Cummins was the founder of the Cummins Engine Co. in Indiana in 1919.
E.E. Cummings was the American poet renowned for his lower-case style.
Samuel Cummings was an American arms dealer whose company came to dominate global small arms sales in the 1950's and 60's.
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