- Goldberg and Variants
- Goldbergs in America by Country of Origin
- Max and Rube Goldberg
- Itche Goldberg and Yidishe Kultur
- Goldberg New York Bagels
- The Goldbergs of Leigh Ranch
Goldberg and Variants
The Gold surnames in America, in their ranking of frequency, are:
- Goldberg (or "gold mountain")
- Goldstein (or "gold stone")
- Goldman (or "gold man")
- Goldblatt (or "gold leaf")
- and simply Gold.
Goldbergs in America by Country of Origin
Goldbergs emigrated to America from a number of countries.
Max and Rube
had emigrated from Prussia as a very young man, living first in New
the Civil War and then working his way west to San Francisco. There he prospered. With
Stetson hat from his days as a cattle-ranch owner in Arizona, he was a
well-known character in San Francisco. The city thought of itself as
vigorous, without the social and class restrictions of the more
East. Max dealt in real estate, banking,
and the turbulent frontier politics of San Francisco.
He ended up as the city’s
police and fire commissioner.
Rube was born in 1883,
the second of three sons and one daughter of Max and his wife Hannah. His mother died when he was a young man
Max, who never remarried, raised the four children himself, forging a
family unity that lasted all through their lives.
eleven Rube began taking art lessons and
decided that he wanted to be a full-time artist. But
his father urged him to study something
that would provide a good living. He
reminded his son that great artists, like Da Vinci, were trained as
first. Rube consequently took up
However, he had
begun to draw cartoons and, forsaking engineering and against his
wishes, managed to secure a job as an art assistant with the San Francisco Chronicle. From
this base his work would soon became
popular throughout the West Coast.
1907, at the age of twenty four, Rube decided to try his luck in New
York. His father Max, now proud of Rube's
reputation in San Francisco, backed his decision. Success
came quickly. 1909 saw the debut of his
acclaimed cartoon series, Foolish Questions.
He became a nationally-syndicated cartoonist and was soon
said to be
earning the huge sum of $100,000 a year from his drawings and books.
Itche Goldberg and Yidishe
In secular Yiddish circles, Itche Goldberg is best known as the editor of one of the longest-running journals of Yiddish literature, Yidishe Kultur. He served as editor from 1964 to 2004 when he published the journal’s final issue.
He fought to keep Yidishe Kultur alive right to the end of his life. In an interview in 2004 he said:
He was soon to celebrate his 100th birthday. In his honor, a group of Jewish musicians performed an adaptation of I. L. Peretz’s Oyb Nit Nokh Hekher (“If Not Even Higher”), with the libretto by Itche Goldberg. It was one of more than twenty works that he had written with the composer Moyshe Rauch.
Goldberg New York Bagels
The Goldbergs no longer own the store. But a modern version of the original bagel shop, Goldberg New York Bagels, can be found in the Jewish neighborhood of Pikesville just outside Baltimore. In fact there are two versions of Goldberg New York Bagels as there is a rival branch in Rockville, Maryland.
The Goldbergs of Leigh Ranch
Mick, his eldest son, joined a firm of wholesale merchants at seventeen and soon made his own mark in business. Mick Goldberg worked out at Penhalonga for them, later bought their business, and moved his mother, Esther, two sisters Sarah and Rachel and four brothers, Hymie, Maurice, Bennie and Jack out there.
The family secured the mine concession and built up a very successful trading store and butchery business. Because of the concession, which meant that all the purchases by the African mine workers was to be deducted from their wages, the African name given to the Goldbergs was Magaboza, literally meaning “credit.”
That was only the start of their entrepreneurial efforts. When tobacco was introduced into Rhodesia in the 1930’s, the Goldberg brothers bought up vast areas of land and developed Leigh Ranch. This for a time was the largest single unit producing tobacco in the world.